Question: What Are The Major Differences Between Eastern Orthodox And Western Christianity?

Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?

Most early Christian clergy recognised the primacy and prominence of Rome, where the Pope resided.

Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all.

Indian Orthodox church is not exactly (Eastern) Orthodox, which are doctrinally very close to Catholics..

What is the difference between Eastern and Western Catholic Church?

The Western Church decided to stay under the ruling of the pope, unlike the Eastern Church. … Before the schism the Church used to believe in the same moral code or sacraments but the Eastern Orthodox Church changed and no longer has the same requirements as the Roman Catholic Church.

Does the Orthodox Church believe in purgatory?

The Orthodox Church does not believe in purgatory (a place of purging), that is, the inter-mediate state after death in which the souls of the saved (those who have not received temporal punishment for their sins) are purified of all taint preparatory to entering into Heaven, where every soul is perfect and fit to see …

What were some differences between Byzantine Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity?

Some differences between Byzantine Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity are in Byzantine Christianity the clergy kept their right to marry, unlike priests in Western Europe. … In western Europe they spoke Latin whereas, in the Byzantine Empire they spoke Greek.

What is the difference between Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches?

The primary theological difference between the two communions is the differing Christology. … Oriental Orthodoxy does not have a magisterial leader like the Roman Catholic Church, nor does the communion have a leader who can convene ecumenical synods like the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Is Greek Orthodox the same as Byzantine Catholic?

Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox churches in general, since “Greek” in “Greek Orthodox” can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. … Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called “Greek” Orthodox in the same way that the Western Church is called “Roman” Catholic.

Is the orthodox bible different?

There is an important difference for the Old Testament. Orthodox use the oldest version ( 3rd century BCE) of the Old Testament which is the Septuagint or in Greek Εβδομήκοντα (evdomikonda), and Catholics use the Masoretic version (dates from the 10th century CE).

What is a major difference between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church?

What is a major difference between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church? A. Roman Catholic churches perform a mass, but Eastern Orthodox churches don’t.

What makes Orthodox Christianity different?

Eastern Christians believe that they confess the true doctrine of God in the right (orthodox) way. The Bible of the Orthodox Church is the same as that of most Western Churches, except that its Old Testament is based not on the Hebrew, but on the ancient Jewish translation into Greek called the Septuagint.

Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?

In the case that it is impossible to approach a Catholic minister, that it is a case of real need or spiritual benefit, and that the danger of error or indifferentism is avoided, the Catholic Church permits its faithful to receive Communion in Orthodox Churches, although Orthodox Churches do not honour this and only …

Can Orthodox marry Catholic?

Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop.

What were the main historical causes of the rift between the Eastern and Western churches?

Charlemagne’s crowning made the Byzantine Emperor redundant, and relations between the East and the West deteriorated until a formal split occurred in 1054. The Eastern Church became the Greek Orthodox Church by severing all ties with Rome and the Roman Catholic Church — from the pope to the Holy Roman Emperor on down.

Why are Catholic and Orthodox Easter different?

The reason for the difference is that the Western Church follows the old Julian calendar, while the Orthodox Church uses the Gregorian calendar. … This explains why the dates of Catholic and Orthodox Easter are different each year and rarely coincide.

What kind of religion is Orthodox?

Orthodox means adhering to accepted norms and creeds – especially in religion. In Christianity, the term means “conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church.” The Orthodox Church is one of the three main Christian groups – the others are the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches.

What does Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox have in common?

Both believe in the recorded text of the Bible as being authoritative and from God. The Roman Catholic Church accepts books that the Greek Orthodox regard as secondary sources of truth. … The Greek Orthodox church feels that individuals have the Holy Spirit, not just priests and saints.

How do I convert from Catholic to Orthodox?

To change from a Catholic to an orthodox Christian requires that you repent of sin and by faith trust in the finished work of Christ on the cross, believe in the bodily resurrection of Jesus, and ask Him to come into your heart and be your personal savior.

What version of the Bible do orthodox use?

New King James Version of the BibleThe Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.

What was the issue between Eastern and Western Christianity?

East-West Schism, also called Schism of 1054, event that precipitated the final separation between the Eastern Christian churches (led by the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius) and the Western church (led by Pope Leo IX).

What was the major conflict between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

Is Orthodox the oldest religion?

Historically, the Greek Orthodox Church is the oldest Christian sect.

Who founded Orthodox Christianity?

Jesus ChristEastern Orthodox ChurchOrthodox Catholic ChurchLiturgyByzantine and WesternFounderJesus Christ according to holy traditionOrigin1st century Holy Land, Roman EmpireSeparationsOld Believers (17th century) True Orthodoxy (1920s)10 more rows