Question: What Do You Mean By Traditional Knowledge?

How is traditional knowledge protected?

Traditional knowledge and intellectual property Innovations based on TK may benefit from patent, trademark, and geographical indication protection, or be protected as a trade secret or confidential information..

Does indigenous mean poor?

Present in over 90 countries, indigenous communities represent about 5% of the world’s population but make up 15% of the world’s extreme poor , and 1/3 of the rural poor. … Wherever they live, Indigenous Peoples face distinct pressures, including being among the poorest and most marginalized in their societies.

What is indigenous knowledge systems and practices?

ABSTRACT. Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices (IKSPs) are local knowledge developed over centuries of experimentation and are passed orally from generations to generation. It was found to be an important catalyst to sustainable development due to their direct connection to resource management and conservation.

Can traditional knowledge be patented?

When community members innovate within the traditional knowledge framework, they may use the patent system to protect their innovations. However, traditional knowledge as such – knowledge that has ancient roots and is often informal and oral – is not protected by conventional intellectual property systems.

What is an example of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.

What are abuses of traditional knowledge?

Abuses of traditional knowledge include: • unlicensed and unauthorized commercialization of traditional knowledge; • taking images, such as photographs, film and video of Indigenous peoples, their way of life, et cetera; • using, reproducing or copying indigenous names, images and arts without permission; • use and …

Why do we need indigenous knowledge?

Indigenous knowledge is the basis for local level decision-making in food security, human and animal health, education, NRM, and other vital economic and social activities.

What is the difference between indigenous knowledge and traditional knowledge?

The distinction between traditional knowledge and indigenous knowledge relates to the holders rather than the knowledge per se. Traditional knowledge is a broader category that includes indigenous knowledge as a type of traditional knowledge held by indigenous communities.

What’s the meaning of traditional?

1 : of or relating to tradition : consisting of or derived from tradition a traditional celebration. 2 : handed down from age to age traditional history traditional songs/stories.

Why Traditional knowledge is important?

The transmission of traditional knowledge across generations is fundamental to protecting and promoting indigenous peoples’ cultures and identities and as well as the sustainability of livelihoods, resilience to human-made and natural disasters, and sustaining culturally appropriate economic development.

What are the characteristics of traditional knowledge?

TK refers to the knowledge resulting from intellectual activity in a traditional context, and includes know-how, practices, skills, and innovations. It is not limited to any specific technical field, and may include agricultural, environmental, and medicinal knowledge, and knowledge associated with genetic resources.

How can we protect traditional knowledge?

How to Protect Traditional Knowledge? There are methods through which TK can be protected: a) Positive Protection, and b) Defensive Mechanism. Positive protection means protecting TK by way of enacting laws, rules and regulations, access and benefit sharing provisions, royalties etc.

Why do we need indigenous people?

Third, Indigenous Peoples help protect our environment, fight climate change, and build resilience to natural disasters, yet their rights aren’t always protected. While Indigenous Peoples own, occupy, or use a quarter of the world’s surface area, they safeguard 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity.

What is the difference between traditional knowledge and scientific knowledge?

Western science is objective and quantitative as opposed to traditional knowledge, which is mainly subjective and qualitative. Western science is based on an academic and literate transmission, while traditional knowledge is often passed on orally from one generation to the next by the elders.

What are the common kinds of indigenous knowledge?

These include such labels as traditional knowledge (TK), indigenous technical knowledge (ITK), folk and local knowledge, environmental or ecological knowledge (EK), and sometimes it has also been called people’s science.

Why is traditional technology important?

The importance of traditional knowledge ,skill and technology are as follows: They give our cultural identity. They arouse pride in us. They are highly environmentally friendly.

What is traditional knowledge system in India?

Traditional Knowledge (TK) is the awareness, experience, expertise, knowledge and applications that are established, continued, performed and passed on from generation to generation within a region or community, often forming a part of its cultural, social or spiritual identity.

How traditional knowledge is protected in India?

India’s TKDL is a unique tool that plays a critical role in protecting the country’s traditional knowledge. 1 Prior art constitutes all information made available to the public in any form before a given date that might be relevant to a patent’s claim of novelty and inventiveness.